Are you having trouble with trees dying in your yard due to wet conditions? Most trees cannot tolerate excessive moisture or poorly drained soils; their roots drown and begin to rot. One option is to have your landscape amended so that it drains better and stays dry. If this approach does not work for you and you still want to have trees, there are a few varieties that are more tolerant of wet conditions.
1. Black Ash
Also known as the basket ash or brown ash, this tree belongs to the olive family and reaches up to 60 feet tall. It has a thin, straight trunk, and traditional cultures have long used its bark to make barrels and other storage vessels. Black ash is not the most ornamental tree, but its long compound leaves and small purple flowers do add a touch of elegance to your landscape.
Black ash trees grow well in wet ground and may be a good choice if you just want some simple tree cover in a large space. They also tolerate shade, making them a good choice if you have other more mature trees in your yard that may shade a sapling as it develops.
2. Freeman's Maple
If you're looking for a flashy tree for your wet yard, a Freeman's maple is a great choice. With bright red leaves, it will stand out among your greenery. These trees measure up to 60 feet tall when mature, so make sure you plant them in an open area.
These tree require lots of sunlight and moist soil. While they prefer a well-drained site, they will tolerate periods of wetness and poor drainage. A Freeman's maple may not grow well in a yard that is continually boggy, but it is a good choice for yards that experience seasonal or periodic wetness.
3. Water Tupelo
The water tupelo is also known as the water gum tree. It grows naturally in boggy, flooded areas, so it will tolerate the wettest of yards. Water tupelos have straight, narrow trunks and a spreading crown, so they make decent shade trees. They can reach up to 100 feet in height when mature, and they have a lovely yellow color in the fall.
Water tupelo trees blossom in the spring, and their blooms are a favorite of honeybees. Planting several in your yard is a good way to support the struggling bee population.
4. London Planetree
The London planetree is a cone-shaped tree that is often planted along streets. It is a very hardy species that withstands air pollution, some shade, and wet soils. London planetrees are resistant to anthracnose, so you should not have to worry about fungal infections as you would with other trees planted on wet land.
London planetrees are very long-lived; some are up to 400 years old. They produce red flowers in April, and later on, their clusters of seeds attract birds and squirrels. These trees provide plenty of shade, but due to their mature height of up to 100 feet and width of 80 feet, they need to be planted in a wide, open space.
5. Sweetbay Magnolia
Most magnolia trees require well-drained soil, but the sweetbay magnolia is the exception, tolerating periodic flooding and wet soil. These ornamental trees are known for their big, white flowers that have a lemony scent. The more sunlight the tree receives, the more magnificent the flowers will be.
Sweetbay magnolia trees are smaller than the other trees discussed in this article. They only grow to about 20 feet in height, so you can plant them closer to a home or even in a large garden bed.
Rather than allowing tree after tree to die due to wet conditions, focus on choosing trees that will put up with the wet soil in your yard. If you need help caring for or maintaining your newly planted, moisturetolerant trees, contact the experts at R & R Tree and Landscaping.